Below is the list of all the metadata types (15 in total) included in our default metadata filter:
Default profiles and permission sets comparison.
For more guidance, check our support article on how to retrieve Profiles and their components using this metadata filter.
Links to documentation with guidelines on how to deploy different metadata types and/or their specific components
How to use precision deployment of Apex code.
Including 10 sub-components:
How to deploy a Custom field, or a new Custom field with its field-level security settings
External data source
How to use precision deployments for Page layouts
Muting permission set
How to deploy Permission Sets;
Permission Set Group
Profile Password Policy
Profile Session Setting